::Welcome to RedinSkala::

Welcome to RedinSkala!

The members of this team have been working several years with Network and Security solutions for several years, this has helped us increase our knowledge in several topics like security, operating systems, protocols, analisys methodologies, etc.

As time passes through, we have seen the need to consolidate this information is such a way that is easy to understand and most of all that explains each topic with the appropriate quality and deepness for both beginers and advanced readers.

Most of our articles and publications are free, however, we also ask for your help in acquaring some of our books for what we consider a very economic price since this allows us to acquire the necessary software and hardware to document the materials we present here. Several of the free articles you may find in the site are actually part of our books, we do this so you can see the quality of our work and be confident that you will be acquiring a quality material.

We love what we do, we put much effort, dedication and passion to our work and we hope our online editorial will help you with your study and daily work.


Atte. RedinSkala Team


Correo: rskala@redinskala.com

Postfix Lost connection analysis: 421 4.4.2 host error: timeout exceeded

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In this post we’ll show the analysis of another common error for smtp status code 421 4.4.2 host Error: timeout exceeded which refers to network or connection problems between SMTP servers. The symptoms you may observe is the your Postfix (IMSVA) server is not able to accept all incoming mails and sender server is starting to have queuing problems. Continue reading

Maillog Analysis for Postfix and IMSVA (Part II)

PART II. Maillog indicators interpretation

In Part I. Postfix Maillog Performance Indicators, we reviewed how to find several values by filtering maillog that would help us understand how our Postfix or IMSVA device is actually working in terms of queuing, reception and delivery performance. Now we’ll see how to put a context to those numbers to transform them from just values to actions / configurations that will improve our device’s longtime performance.  Continue reading

Maillog Analysis for Postfix and IMSVA (Part I)

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Part I. Postfix Maillog Performance Indicators

The following procedure should work for any mail server or Anti-Spam appliance. This particular analysis was made with the Postfix bundled in IMSVA 8.2 but it could be easily translated to any other platform.


The first point to identify what is the actual performance of Postfix is to define certain indicators that can help us to measure behavior patterns. The following list shows some of the most important for the analysis.

Continue reading

Shutdown/Restart IMSVA

The IMSVA web management console doesn’t count with an option to shutdown or restart the box in which IMSVA is installed. To perform this operation you must login to the shell with user root using some SSH client like Putty. The following are the commands you have to execute to perform these operations: Continue reading

Extended status codes (SMTP)

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The different situations that can be described with the main smtp status codes defined in RFC 2821 are not enough to consider the wide range of situations an MTA server may face when delivering a message. Because of this, a new set of codes were created. The following is an extract from RFC 3463, where a definition for this new SMTP Protocol feature is given: Continue reading